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The Unity of Divine Revelations

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As-salamu `alaykum, Is there any real explanation about why we don’t all live under one religion, or why didn’t Allah give the same religion to all people in the world and make them all his sincere servants. Allah knows what will happen to each person, He knows a person when He is going to do something bad, why does Allah let him do it? Allah knows the faith of each person, why doesn’t he make the faith of each person to be the correct faith? Last question is that does Allah control our faith or He just knows about our faith? If He does control our faith why does He make the faith of some people end in a bad way? Thank you so much for your time.

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Salam Hamza,

Thank you for your questions, which can be summarized in three points:

  • Why didn’t Allah reveal one same religion?
  • Does everyone have free will to choose his/her own religion?
  • Knowing our fate, why does God allow many to hold the wrong faith(s), and hence become accountable to Him?

First, Allah did not reveal different faiths or religions. Rather all His messengers carried – in essence – the same message: to worship Him alone, He Who has no partner nor son, and to follow His Guidance in this life, in order to gain His pleasure in the Hereafter. Please read in the Qur’an what means:

*{Surely the religion in the providence of Allah is Islam. And in no way did the ones to whom the Book was brought differ [among themselves] except even after the knowledge came to them, being inequitable among themselves.}* (Aal `Imran 3:19)

This was the message of Adam, Noah, Ibrahim, Moses and Jesus, as well as the seal of messengers Muhammad, peace be upon him. The details developed gradually to cope with the evolving human knowledge, until it was ripe enough to reveal the complete final message of Islam, supported by the eternal intellectual proof and guidance, i.e. the Qur’an. In contrast to the Book of Islam, preserved intact and followed by every Muslim past and present, the original books of Moses and Jesus, i.e. the Torah and the Bible either disappeared or were corrupted. The Qur’an reads what means:

*{O People of the Book why do you confound the Truth with the untruth and keep back the Truth, and you know [that]?}* (Aal `Imran 3:71)

Other religions practiced nowadays or in the past are either:

  • Corrupted versions deviating from the original messages and books of the prophets of Allah. Examples are the current versions of Judaism and Christianity, that are largely different from the original teachings of Moses and Jesus. What is included in the Old Testament (48, +10 books) and the New Testament (20, +7 books) are all human writings not related to the original texts of the Torah and the Bible, apart probably from some parts of the chapters on Genesis, and some sayings attributed to Jesus in the Gospels.
  • Human inventions derived from philosophical whims and primitive pagan myths, e.g. Buddhism and Hinduism.

Second, Allah’s Knowledge encompasses everything and He controls all His creation. Yet, His Wisdom has bestowed the human race with freedom of thought and making decisions. Neither the angels nor other creatures have this sort of free will. Man was endowed with intellect and, through God’s messengers, with guidance to differentiate between good and evil and to act accordingly. The Qur’an reads what means:

*{Have We not made for him two eyes. And a tongue, and two lips, And guided him on the two highways [of good and evil]?}* (Al Balad 90:8-10)

It is true that we cannot totally control our fates, but we should honestly admit that we have a certain range of freedom to: think, choose and make many decisions in our life and, Allah wills, get them done. You can prove this yourself if you contemplate your own personal actions and reactions to different situations.

Third, since we are innately free to think, believe and act, it is precisely on our stand within this range of freedom that we are accountable towards Allah. Everyone is born equally pure and innocent. According to the Prophet, peace be upon him:

“An infant is born according to his [true] nature. It is his parents who make him a Jew, a Christian, or a Magian” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

Further, Allah did not leave us alone unguided, glimpses of His knowledge and wisdom have been passed to us through His messengers. These were revealed to every generation up till the final message of Islam. The Qur’an reads what means:

*{Surely We have sent you with the Truth, a constant bearer of glad tidings and a constant warner. And decidedly no nation there is, except that there has passed in it a constant warner.}* (Fatir 35:24)

It is the duty of everyone to find out the Truth. If one fails to receive the proper message of Islam from any source, he would not be accountable on not being a Muslim. The Qur’an reads what means:

*{Whoever is guided, surely he is guided only for himself; and whoever errs [away], then surely he errs [away] only upon himself; and no encumbered self will be encumbered of another [self]; and in no way are We tormenting [anyone] until We have sent forth a messenger.}* (Al-Israa’ 17:15)

It would be the guilt of governments and institutions that censor(ed) by force the message of Islam. Equally responsible are media and clergy propagating false and misleading information to shun their people and followers away from Islam. Also, it is the duty of Muslims to convey the message of Islam to every human on earth. The Qur’an reads what means:

*{And thus We have made you a middle nation to be witnesses over mankind, and [for] the messenger to be a witness over you…}* (Al-Baqarah 2:143)

Their negligence to carry this mission will surely burden them with their share of guilt. Allah knows best.

Thank you again for your question and please keep in touch.

Salam.

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