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Beheading Civilians... Islamic? .

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Is there any rule of beheading in Qur’an? Is that a teaching which can justify beheading of foreign civilians? I realized that Muslims are much brutal. How can Muslims cut off civilians’ necks like cutting off animals and why those Muslims shout “Allah” when they cut off neck? Is it really a great sacrifice for Allah?

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Islam has nothing to do with these beheadings, even though it is a distressing fact that some people, who said they were Muslims, carried them out. That is why I really appreciate your question, is there any rule of beheading in Qur’an?” because, yes, the Qur’an is the criterion by which we could differentiate between Islam itself and any other actions that are not Islamic.
Allah in the Qur’an forbade Muslims from killing non-combatants, and allowed them only to fight against combatants. The Qur’an, in numerous verses, illustrated that. For example, the Qur’an says what means:

{Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress; for Allah does not love not transgressors.} (Al-Baqarah 2:190)

And these civilians were clearly not fighters. The Prophet of Islam, Muhammad (peace be upon him), also forbade his Companions during their battles from attacking anybody who is not armed. And when he (peace be upon him) saw a woman from the enemy, who did not look like a fighter, lying dead in the middle of a battleground, he was enraged and said in anger to his own Companions, “Why was she killed? She was not a fighter!”

And even if we agree, hypothetically, to the weak argument that says that those civilians who serve the invading troops are partners in the transgression, these hostages would then be “prisoners of war” (Arabic: asraa). And beheading is not the way that the Qur’an, to quote it again as a reference, dealt with prisoners of war. Among many verses, there are verses that virtually every Muslim memorizes in Surat Al-Insan 76, describing true believers, saying what means:

{And they feed, for the love of Allah, the indigent, the orphan, and the captive of war,- [Saying:] “We feed you for the sake of Allah alone: no reward do we desire from you, nor thanks. We only fear a Day of distressful Wrath from the side of our Lord.” So, Allah will deliver them from the evil of that Day, and will shed over them a light of beauty and joy} (Al-Insan 76:8-11)

Therefore, it is an Islamic duty to feed the captives of war, treat them well, and to respect their humanity. Another verse that specifically talks about prisoners of war gave Muslims two alternatives: either to free them or to ransom or exchange them. The Qur’an says what means:

{When you [Muslims] have overcome them [the fighters], then make them prisoners, and afterwards either set them free as a favor or let them be ransomed, until the war terminates.} (Muhammad 47:4)

In Islam, ends do not justify means. So, although rejecting occupation is an end that Islam approves, killing of innocent people is a forbidden mean that is, simply, non-Islamic, even if carried out by Muslims and even if these killers shout some “Islamic” slogans while carrying out their crimes.
I hope this clarifies matters to you. In case you need any more clarification, please do not hesitate to contact us again. Thank you and please stay in touch.
Salam.

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