Muharram is the first month of the year in the Islamic Calendar. It is one of the four sanctified months in the year, which include – Thul Qa’dah, Thul Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab. The 1st of Muharram, will in sha Allah, based on the sighting of the moon, correspond with 14/15 October 2015 in different parts of the world.
Allah says in the Quraan, “The number of months in the sight of Allah are 12, so ordained by Allah the day He created the heavens and the Earth; Of them 4 are sacred. That is the correct religion, so wrong not yourselves therein.” [Surah Taubah – Aayah 36]
The Ulama have stated that the actions performed in these months have an effect on what a person does in the remaining months of the year. If a person’s actions are good, this will reflect in the following months of the year and if a person’s actions are otherwise, then this too will be a common occurrence in the year.
Fasting is considered an act of sincerity and selflessness, in that, it is done for Allah and Allah alone. It is an act, which can be tremendously beneficial for a person.
The best of fasts besides the month of Ramadhaan, are the fasts that are observed in Muharram, as prescribed by Allah.[Sahih Muslim – Vol. 1 ]
The 10th of Muharram
The 10th of Muharram (in sha Allah, corresponding with 24th October 2015), is known as the day of Aashura and is a significant day for all Muslims globally. Nabi Muhammed SAW has emphasised that the Ummah should fast on this day.
Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (RA) says, “I did not see Rasulullah (SAW) anxiously await the fast of any day (which he gave preference to over other days) except this day of Aashura and the month of Ramadhaan.” [Sahih Bukhari – vol 1]
When Nabi Muhammed (SAW) was asked, regarding the blessings of the fast, he replied, ” it is a compensation for the sins of the past year.” Meaning that, Allah will forgive the minor sins of the past year. [Sahih Bukhari – vol 1]
Origin Of The Fast Of Aashura
This day, the 10th of Muharram, was the day that Allah (SWT) saved Nabi Moosa (AS), when He drowned the evil Firoun and his army. Nabi Moosa (AS) then observed this fast to show his gratefulness. And so followed the Jews, in fasting on this day. Muslims, however, are required to fast on the; 9th and 10th, or 10th and 11th days.
Besides fasting, one should spend generously (according to ones means) on their family. This can be simply done, by showering gifts and good meals on one’s family.
As it is mentioned in a Hadeeth, “He who will be generous to his family on the day of Aashura, Allah will be generous to him for the entire year.”
Another historical footnote of this day, but one that demands no prescribed practice, is that on ‘the 10th of Muharram marks the day whereon Sayyidina Hussain (RA) was martyred. However, it is important to note that mourning his martrydom through elaborate ceremonies has no basis in Shariah and the day of Aashura is not sanctified by this, as the day Sayyidina Hussain (RA) was martyred, was more than 50 years after Nabi Muhammed (SAW) left this earthly abode.’ [ Information extracted from kitaab, Nurul Huda.]
Hence, in this sacred month of Muharram, one should exercise good habits and one must implement the Quraan and Sunnah in ones lives, with intention, that we will continue and increase our efforts in ibaadah all year round.
May Allah bless us to do His work and increase us in His worship, in sha Allah. Aameen.